Soleus Muscle

The soleus muscle is a strong muscle on the back of the lower leg. It is present deep to another muscle called gastrocnemius. Some anatomists consider both soleus and gastrocnemius as a single muscle named triceps surae.

Location (Attachments):

The Soleus muscle is present in the posterior compartment of the leg, extending from just below the back of the knee to the heel of the foot.

Its upper end is attached to both tibia and fibula, in the upper part of their posterior surfaces.

It runs downwards on the back of the leg and its lower end joins the gastrocnemius muscle to form a thick strong tendon called Achilles tendon, the strongest tendon in the whole body.

Achilles tendon passes at the back of the ankle and gets inserted into the backside of heel bone, called calcaneus.

Nerve Supply:

Tibial nerve L4, L5, S1, S2

Blood Supply:
Posterior Tibial, Peroneal and Popliteal vessels.

Movements:
This muscle works in synergy with the gastrocnemius muscle. Its contraction pulls the heel upwards and bends the foot downwards (plantarflexion), increasing the angle between leg and foot.

Functions:
The Soleus is a part of the group of strong muscles at the back of the leg, which are essential for walking and running.

- The Soleus plantarflexes the ankle (pulls the heel upwards) and provides necessary propulsion required for walking.

- The Soleus plays a vital role in stabilizing the ankle and also preventing us from falling forward when in static standing.

- Moreover, Soleus has another important role in the body; it pumps the blood present in the veins of the legs back into the heart and for this reason it is named the peripheral heart.
Soleus along with the above laying gastrocnemius forms the calf muscle. Calf muscle strains are quite common in athletes and result in pain lower in the leg.

Diagram of the leg, including the soleus muscle



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THE KEY STEPS TO GETTING THE RIGHT SIZE DOCPODS:

FULL LENGTH INSOLES 

NON FULL LENGTH INSOLES 

1. Measure your existing shoe insole:

 1. Measure from your heel to ball of foot:


 

2. Then compare your measurements from above to match the product size charts below:
(you can trim to fit the insoles by approximately 1cm)


Docpods Regular Size Guide - for Slimline, 3 Quarter, Sports


  US UK EURO SLIMLINE 3 QUARTER  SPORTS 
Size  cm cm cm
Small  4-7  4-8  3-6.5  4-7.5  35-40 16  16.3  25.8
Medium  7-9   8-10  6-9  7-10  39-43  17.4 17.2  27.4
Large   9-13  10-14  8-12  9-13  42-47 19.3   18.2 29.4

Docpods Ultra Size Guide - for Ultra Soft

  XXS XS S M L XL
EURO  34  35.5-37.5  38-40  40.5-42  42.5-44  44.5-46.5
UK  2.5  3-4.5  5-6.5  7-8  8.5-9.5  10-12
US MENS  4-5  5.5-6  6.5-7.5  8-9  9.5-10.5  11-13.5
US WOMENS  3.5-5  5.5-7  7.5-9  9.5-10.5  11-12  13-14
LENGTH (cm) 23.2cm 24.9cm 26.2cm 28.8cm 30cm  31.2cm

Docpods Kids Size Guide - for Docpods Kids Fit only

  Size SPORTS  SLIMLINE
XXS 12-1  19.5cm 13cm 
XS 2-3 22.4cm  15.3cm 

Docpods Foot Pillow - Trim to Fit

  S L
US MENS  4.5 - 9  9 - 13
US WOMENS  6 - 10  10 - 14
LENGTH (cm) 26.5cm 29.2cm