High Arched Feet / Pes Cavus / Inverted Foot Types
The word “Pes Cavus” comes from the Latin (Pes= Foot, Cavus=Hollow). In medical science, pes cavus or cavus foot refers to an abnormally high arched foot. This shape is much less common than flat feet or low-arched feet and can be observed in about 10 %– 15% of the population. Pes cavus is either inherited or acquired, in which case it has a neuromuscular or bone-related etiology.
The usual features associated with a pes cavus foot include:
The high arch shape is either due to a tight or contracted plantar fascia (the tough sheet of fibrous tissue that runs along the sole of the foot) or due to a weakness in one muscle group causing unopposed action of the other, resulting in fixed plantar flexion of the foot.
Common causes include:
In about 20% of cases, the cause is unknown and is referred to as idiopathic pes cavus; these cases are usually non-progressive.
Effects on foot physiology:
The high arch affects the normal mechanics of the foot, making it rigid and decreasing its shock-absorbing capability. The foot is less well balanced and does not distribute load as efficiently as a foot with a normal arch shape.
The usual complaints associated with pes cavus include:
It is essential to diagnose the actual cause of the problem. The goal of treatment is to support the foot and improve its balance, as well as load distribution, thereby relieving pain and preventing further progress of the condition.
Orthotic devices are quite helpful in relieving the pain associated with pes cavus deformity.
Exercises to strengthen the weak muscles reduce muscle power imbalance. Chiropractic therapy also helps to improve the symptoms.
Surgery is indicated only when a conservative approach fails to solve the problem.
Surgical procedures include:
An early diagnosis helps to produce a better prognosis.
Orthotics that will help to treat pes cavus can be found below.
THE KEY STEPS TO GETTING THE RIGHT SIZE DOCPODS:
FULL LENGTH INSOLES
NON FULL LENGTH INSOLES
|1. Measure your existing shoe insole:
|| 1. Measure from your heel to ball of foot:
2. Then compare your measurements from above to match the product size charts below:
|US MENS||4.5 - 9||9 - 13|
|US WOMENS||6 - 10||10 - 14|